[73] Some legal schools "prescribed capital punishment for sodomy, but others opted only for a relatively mild discretionary punishment. [35][39][40][41], Most Muslim-majority countries and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) have opposed moves to advance LGBT rights at the United Nations, in the General Assembly or the UNHRC. [123], Liwat can therefore be regarded as "temptation",[124] and anal intercourse is not seen as repulsively unnatural so much as dangerously attractive. [173], On 26 June 2016, clerics affiliated to the Pakistan-based organization Tanzeem Ittehad-i-Ummat issued a fatwa on transgender people where a trans woman (born male) with "visible signs of being a woman" is allowed to marry a man, and a trans man (born female) with "visible signs of being a man" is allowed to marry a woman. There are numbers of Muslim LGBT activists from different parts of the world. [127] Deep shame attaches to the passive partner. [145] In May 2019, in response to the warning of George Clooney about intending to impose death penalty for homosexuals like Brunei, the Deputy Foreign Minister Marzuki Yahya pointed out that Malaysia does not kill gay people, and will not resort to killing sexual minorities. The Safra Project's "ethos is one of inclusiveness and diversity.". [296] Ali states there is a lack of focus in medieval tradition on female same-sex sexual activity, where the Qur'an mainly focuses male/male sex. 3. commit a sin; violate a law of God or a moral law. And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. [130][131] In United Arab Emirates it is a capital offense. Trans women can't access educational institutions and medical services. Ibn Al-Qayyim describes this as follows: No one can indulge in unlawfulness except for two reasons, the first of which is … Al-Nuwayri (1272–1332) in his Nihaya reports that Muhammad is "alleged to have said what he feared most for his community were the practices of the people of Lot (he seems to have expressed the same idea in regard to wine and female seduction). A former interior minister, İdris Naim Şahin, called homosexuality an example of "dishonour, immorality and inhuman situations". [72] Most legal schools treat homosexual intercourse with penetration similarly to unlawful heterosexual intercourse under the rubric of zina, but there are differences of opinion with respect to methods of punishment. 2. Islam is a complete lifestyle. She says that "same-sex sexual expression has been a more or less recognized aspect of Muslim societies for many centuries." . It was founded in 1998 by Faisal Alam, a Pakistani American, and was registered as a nonprofit organization in the United States. Another scholar argues that "the Qur'an does not address homosexuality or homosexuals explicitly." [1] The Quran terms this an abomination or fahisha (Arabic: فاحشة‎, romanized: fāḥiša) unprecedented in the history of the world: "And (We sent) Lot when he said to his people: What! "[292], Marhuq Fatima Khan in a chapter "Queer, American, and Muslim: Cultivating Identities and Communities of Affirmation," says that "Queer Muslims employ a few narratives to enable them to reconcile their religious and sexual identities." [1] Some Muslim academics disagree with this interpretation, arguing that the people of Lot were destroyed not because of participation in same-sex acts, but because of misdeeds which included refusing to worship one God, disregarding the authority of the Prophets, and attempting to rape the travelers, a crime made even worse by the fact that the travelers were under Lot's protection and hospitality. However, they also "discriminate . She then began to express that Islam not only helped her find her way, but made it easier for her to accept that she was a woman – not a man. ), NYU Press New York 1997, Vincenzo Patanè, "Homosexuality in the Middle East and North Africa" in: Aldrich, Robert (ed. There are two types; the first is the one in whom these characteristics are innate, he did not put them on by himself, and therein is no guilt, no blame and no shame, as long as he does not perform any (illicit) act or exploit it for money (prostitution etc.). [136], Islamic state has decreed capital punishment for gay people. The Prophet turned out such-and-such man, and 'Umar turned out such-and-such woman. For Kugle, this benediction implies that "if sexuality is inherent in a person's personality, then sexual diversity is a part of creation, which is never accidental but is always marvelous." [160] LGBT people also have the right to seek asylum in Turkey under the Geneva Convention since 1951.[161]. With female same-sex sexual activity there is more focus on the punishment for the acts and the complications with the dower, compare to men where there is a focus on punishment but also the needs to ablutions and the effect of the act on possible marriage decisions.[295]:101. [8][12] However, any confident assessment of the actual incidence of homosexual behavior remains elusive. The government even provides up to half the cost for those needing financial assistance and a sex change is recognized on the birth certificate. [176] However, in May 2018, the Pakistani parliament passed a bill giving transgender individuals the right to choose their identity and correct their official documents, such as ID cards, driver license, and passports. [1] In one passage the Quran says that the men "solicited his guests of him" (Quran 54:37),[50] using an expression that parallels phrasing used to describe the attempted seduction of Joseph, and in multiple passages they are accused of "coming with lust" to men instead of women (or their wives). Despite pushback from citizens in the LGBTQ+ community, Brunei prime minister's office produced a statement explaining Brunei's intention for carrying through with the law. Pakistani transsexuals can also change their gender. "[7:80–84 (Translated by Shakir)], Later exegetical literature built on these verses as writers attempted to give their own views as to what went on; and there was general agreement among exegetes that the "abomination" alluded to by the Quranic passages was attempted sodomy (specifically anal intercourse) between men. Since homosexuality is against the law in some Middle Eastern countries, Imaan is taking a large stance against these laws and is attempting to change the way Middle Eastern countries look at LGBTQ+ individuals. [295]:100, In an article "Same-sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women" Ali elaborates on homosexuality as an aspect of medieval Muslim culture. You don’t just decide one day that you’re tired of being a man so you’re going to become a woman and vice versa. They further argue that the notion of liwat is compatible with the Quranic narrative, but not with the contemporary understanding of same-sex relationships based on love and shared responsibilities. . Attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and their experiences in the Muslim world have been influenced by its religious, legal, social, political, and cultural history. [66], Aisha says: Amukhannath used to enter upon the wives of Prophet. Dr. Liyakat Takim. But it definitely is a sin, and an evil act, and must be avoided by the believers. [223], In response, the Russian LGBT Network is attempting to assist those who are threatened to evacuate from Chechnya. In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender. His activism grew since then and the organization became public in 1998. [71] All major schools of law consider liwat (anal sex) as a punishable offence. transgress definition: 1. to break a law or moral rule: 2. to break a law or moral rule: . They have executed more than two dozen men and women for suspected homosexual activity, including several thrown off the top of buildings in highly publicized executions. [8][12] Public attitudes toward homosexuality in the Ottoman Empire and elsewhere in the Muslim world underwent a marked negative change starting from the 19th century through the gradual spread of Islamic fundamentalist movements such as Salafism and Wahhabism,[13][14][15] and the influence of the sexual notions and restrictive norms prevalent in Europe at the time: a number of Muslim-majority countries have retained criminal penalties for homosexual acts enacted under European colonial rule. It has been suggested that this is part of a plan to separate Brunei from the western world and towards a Muslim one. None of that should matter. Salaam is the first gay Muslim group in Canada and second in the world. [14] In Egypt, though homosexuality is not explicitly criminalized, it has been widely prosecuted under vaguely formulated "morality" laws, and under the current rule of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi arrests of LGBT individuals have risen fivefold, apparently reflecting an effort to appeal to conservatives. Kutty, who in the past wrote in support of allowing Islamic principles in dispute resolution, also noted that "most Muslims have no problem extending full human rights to those—even Muslims—who live together 'in sin'". [8][10] Many LGBTQ+ Muslims are forced to choose between their sexuality and their religion, often forcing individuals to not express who they truly are. Our Shaykh (i.e., Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah, may Allah have mercy on him) said: and except sins against other people such as murder and oppression. [210] Straightway responded to this by compiling a document to clarify what they regarded as fundamental issues concerning Islam and homosexuality. [1][2][3][4] Some hadith collections also condemn homosexual and transgender acts,[5][1][6][7] prescribing death penalty for male homosexual intercourse. The law is also set to impose the same punishment for adultery among heterosexual couples. But the U.S. soldiers have been increasingly troubled that instead of weeding out pedophiles, the U.S. military was arming them against the Taliban and placing them as the police commanders of villages—and doing little when they began abusing children. Saddam Hussein was "unbothered by sexual mores." Thereupon, the Prophet said: "Indeed they are your brothers, and they perform acts of worship by night [prayers] in the same way you do, but when they are alone, they transgress the Limits of Allaah. " I believe that the right to marry someone who you please is so fundamental it should not be subject to popular approval any more than we should vote on whether blacks should be allowed to sit in the front of the bus. Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: If a man who is not married is seized committing sodomy he will be stoned to death. "[118] Views about homosexuality have never been universal all across the Islamic world. [133][134], In Egypt, openly gay men have been prosecuted under general public morality laws. Good people. Most surely you come to males in lust besides females; nay you are an extravagant people. Despite this, those who do not commit to reassignment surgery are often seen as freaks, and due to their refusal to conform they are treated as outcasts.[180]. [57], In modern times, despite the formal disapproval of religious authority, the segregation of women in Muslim societies and the strong emphasis on male virility leads some adolescent males and unmarried young men to seek sexual outlets with boys younger than themselves—in one study in Morocco, with boys in the age-range 7 to 13. Overall, Ali says that "there is no one Muslim perspective on anything. who kept male harems. comes upon a man, then they are both adulterers.”. Following is material from two chapters dealing with the present: Rusmir Musić in a chapter "Queer Visions of Islam" said that "Queer Muslims struggle daily to reconcile their sexuality and their faith." The teachings of Islam are based essentially on the Quran (God's revelation) and Hadith (elaboration by Prophet Muhammad). Currently, the organization's main focus is working with religious leaders (Imams) while serving the needs of the queer Muslim community globally. [27][28][29][30][156][157][35][158] In Kuwait, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, homosexual acts between males are illegal, but homosexual relations between females are legal. but punishment (if any) for lesbianism was not clarified. One level is "genetic inheritance." In Islam, the term mukhannathun is used to describe gender-variant people, usually male-to-female transgender. ), This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 16:32. 12 February 2016 - Across Europe, gay refugees facing abuse at migrant asylum shelters are forced to flee shelters. This world has enough hate in it – let us be the ones to bring love and acceptance into the world, one Muslim/ah at a time. Depriving transgender people of their inheritance, humiliating, insulting or teasing them were also declared haraam. You’ll be automatically logged in 5 seconds. - CultureWatch", "The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Law", "Threats to Behead Homosexuals: Shari'ah or Politics? After that, trans women are not allowed to have any connections with their family members or with their neighbors. Faisal Kutty, a professor of Islamic law at Indiana-based Valparaiso University Law School and Toronto-based Osgoode Hall Law School, commented on the contemporary same-sex marriage debate in a 27 March 2014, essay in the Huffington Post. [175] Previously, transgender people were isolated from society and had no legal rights or protections. "praise be to God, the marvels of whose creation are not subject to the arrows of accident." [84], In a 2012 book, Aisha Geissinger[85] writes that there are "apparently irreconcilable Muslim standpoints on same-sex desires and acts," all of which claim "interpretative authenticity." [104], "Homosexuality was a key symbolic issue throughout the Middle Ages in [Islamic] Iberia. Dialmy sees a solution to this back and forth swing by a "reinterpretation of repressive holy texts. [42][43][44][45] However, Albania and Sierra Leone have signed a UN Declaration supporting LGBT rights. Similar sexual sociologies are reported for other Muslim societies from North Africa to Pakistan and the Far East. do you commit an indecency which any one in the world has not done before you? It is internal – it’s something you feel and just know that you were born into the wrong body. "[219][220] The journalist who first reported on the subject has gone into hiding,[221][222] There have been calls for reprisals for journalists reporting on the situation. Neither this term nor the equivalent for "eunuch" occurs in the Quran, but the term does appear in the Hadith, the sayings of Muhammad, which have a secondary status to the central text. Moreover, trans women face employment discrimination due to their wrong identification cards that are not being corrected by the government agencies. "No: 134, 12 June 2016, Press Release Regarding the Terrorist Attack in Orlando City of the US", "Foreign Ministry of UAE gives condemns Orlando shooting", "Muslim Americans rush to condemn Orlando massacre", "Muslim leaders condemn Florida massacre, brace for backlash", "Several vigils are planned around Southern California for the Orlando shooting victims", "Tucson mosque condemns shootings in Orlando", "Metro Detroit Muslims strongly condemn Orlando shooting", "Harrisburg mosque holds prayer vigil for Orlando victims", "Orlando Muslims turn to prayer after shooting puts community 'on edge, "Muslim and LGBT community hold vigil for Orlando victims in Hartford", "Local Muslim community condemns Orlando nightclub shooting", "Milwaukee mosque holds prayer vigil for Orlando shooting victims", "Fort Pierce Mosque in Florida Condemns Attack", "Muslim community condemns Orlando attack, calls for blood donations", "British Muslim parents oppose LGBT lessons in primary school", "Muslim Alliance for Sexual and Gender Diversity", "LGBT Muslims told to choose religion or sexuality", "My LGBT-friendly mosque saved me from being radicalised", "Being gay and muslim: 'death is your repentance, "What you should know about being LGBT and Muslim, from a leading LGBT Muslim group", "Bosnian LGBTI Activists Demand: Equality Now! Furthermore, Musić wrote, "my research and reflection helped me to imagine my sexuality as a gift from a loving, not hateful, God. [8] For example, Abu `Isa Muhammad ibn `Isa at-Tirmidhi (compiling the Sunan al-Tirmidhi around C.E.884) wrote that Muhammad had indeed prescribed the death penalty for both the active and also the passive partner: Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet said: If you find anyone doing as Lot's people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done. [18] In Uzbekistan, an anti-sodomy law, passed after World War II with the goal of increasing the birth rate, was invoked in 2004 against a gay rights activist, who was imprisoned and subjected to extreme abuse. Why do people transgress the limits of Allah, especially when they know those limits? As was customary everywhere until the nineteenth century, homosexuality was not viewed as a congenital disposition or 'identity'; the focus was on nonprocreative sexual practices, of which sodomy was the most controversial." He did not approve of such acts, but believed that Muslims who abstained from sodomy would be rewarded by sex with youthful boys in paradise.[79]. As wonderful as it is that a person can be accepted for who they are in Islam (as long as they are somewhere no one knows them), there is still a lot of work to be done in our Ummah. [8] The increased prosperity following the early conquests was accompanied by a "corruption of morals" in the two holy cities of Mecca and Medina, and it can be inferred that homosexual practice became more widespread during this time as a result of acculturation to foreign customs, such as the music and dance practiced by mukhannathun, who were mostly foreign in origin. [49][206][207] They believe "that through following God's guidance", one may "cease to be" gay. Regardless of this acceptance in certain Islamic communities and the legality in Islamic law of gender reassignment surgery, transgender Muslims after reassignment surgery still suffer from rejection, socially and culturally in their own communities due to their remaining in their place of origin. [57] Such literature tended to use transgressive motifs alluding to what is forbidden, in particular homosexuality and wine. [155], In Algeria, Bangladesh, Chad,[26] Aceh province and Palembang city of South Sumatra province of Indonesia, [264][verification needed] The Foundation accepted and considered homosexuality as natural, either regarding Qur'anic verses as obsolete in the context of modern society, or stating that the Qu'ran speaks out against homosexual lust and is silent on homosexual love. Islam places great importance on the relationship we have with our parents, and the respect we are obliged to afford them. The Al-Fitrah Foundation, previously known as The Inner Circle was one of the first queer Muslim organizations founded in 1996 when its founder Imam Muhsin Hendricks publicly revealed his sexual orientation. Maajid Nawaz vs Abdullah al Andalusi", "Implied Cases for Muslim Same-Sex Unions", Before Homosexuality in the Arab–Islamic World, 1500–1800, Islamic Homosexualities: culture, history, and literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=LGBT_in_Islam&oldid=991935568#Gender_variant_and_transgender_people, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from May 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, States which did not support either declaration, States that are not voting members of the United Nations, States which supported an opposing declaration in 2008 and continued their opposition in 2011, South Sudan, which was not a member of the United Nations in 2008, States which supported the LGBT rights declaration in the General Assembly or on the Human Rights Council in 2008 or 2011, Turkey Muslims: According to the survey conducted by the, 31 December 2013 - New Year's Eve arson attack on gay nightclub in. The Quran contains several allusions to homosexual activity, which has prompted considerable exegetical and legal commentary over the centuries. "[112] Despite this legality, social attitudes towards homosexuality are still hostile and hateful. ", "Povećan broj slučajeva kršenja ljudskih prava LGBTI osoba - BUKA Magazin", "Norwegian Embassy supports Sarajevo Open Centre's Pink Report", "What It's Like To Pray At A Queer-Inclusive Mosque", "Queer and going to the mosque: 'I've never felt more Muslim than I do now, "Islamic scholars experience diversity of Muslim practices at U of T summer program", "Affirming mosques help gay Muslims reconcile faith, sexuality", "Over 100 LGBTI people won in yesterday's US midterm elections", "21 LGBT Muslims Who Are Changing the World", "Same-sex Sexual Activity and Lesbian and Bisexual Women", "A Jihad For Love - A Film by Parvez Sharma", https://filmthreat.com/reviews/breaking-fast/, https://www.metroweekly.com/2020/06/film-review-breaking-fast-is-an-engaging-gay-rom-com/, "In 'A Sinner in Mecca,' a Gay Director Ponders His Sexuality and Islamic Faith", "About UPF - UPF (Unity Productions Foundation)", "BBC3 'Free Speech' 'Can you be Gay and Muslim?' v.intr. 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