C. Iv. The biology, ecology, phytopathology and silviculture of T. superba are described, and the characteristics of the wood, its conversion and uses are detailed. Terminalia superba is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 40 m (131ft) at a fast rate. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Flies. The present report is focused on Terminalia superba (Engler & Diels), a tree of about 30–50 m high, found in the upper in the most forests of West and Central Africa (Groulez and Wood, 1985). & Diels for wood and biomass production (Mayombe Forest, "Korina" a trade name in the United States. The following species in the database has been suggested as … Limba (Terminalia superba) Common Name(s): Limba, Black Limba, White Limba, Korina, Afara. Thanks for the information. All methods were applied on Terminalia superba Engl. It was very common in the woodworking shops in Kansas schools. Glues and finishes well. Recent. I had a bass body custom built out of limba (black korina). ... Wood with such darker figuring is referred to as Black Limba, while plain unfigured wood is called White Limba. That was my 10th grade project for wood shop. I have a beautiful Taylor 414ce LTD 2019 that is Black Limba back and sides. The objective of this study was to determine the thermodynamic properties of the wood of limba (Terminalia superba Engl. The body is light as a feather and the tone is magnificent. Quite the same Wikipedia. I made a gun cabinet and black powder pistol box out of this wood back in 1971. Thought I’d share. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. A flying monkey from the Wizard of Oz (top right). Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement, very few; tyloses and other heartwood deposits common; parenchyma vasicentric, winged, confluent, and sometimes banded; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. Distribution: Widely distributed from Sierra Leone to Angola and Zaire; occurs in rain and savanna forests. It is characteristic of tropical high secondary forest areas with a dry season of about 4 months, but it does not respond well to long dry spells, especially on sandy soils. It is suitable for many uses, and is extensively utilized (indoor joinery, outdoor joinery after protective treatment, plywood). The interactive key allows access to the character list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting specified attributes, summaries of attributes within … 149-161. (2019). 10, No. Made great gun racks.? Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a light yellowish to golden brown, sometimes with grey to nearly black streaks and veins. & Diels for wood and biomass production (Mayombe Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo) Le potentiel des plantations de Terminalia superba Engl. It’s amazing how many lumber yards never heard of it. Live Statistics. Improved in 24 Hours. Sapwood is a pale greyish to yellowish brown, not clearly demarcated from the heartwood. with help from web interface by If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. For. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The wood takes die really well and has great tone! & Diels for wood and biomass production (Mayombe Forest, Democratic Republic of Congo) Maaike de Ridder, Wannes Hubau, Jan van den Bulcke, Joris van Acker, Hans Beeckman To cite this version: Maaike de Ridder, Wannes Hubau, Jan van den Bulcke, Joris van Acker, Hans Beeckman. Although the timber is widely used in the wood industry, skin irritations are rare. Prices are moderate for an imported hardwood, though figured wood such as Black Limba is likely to be more expensive. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable, and also susceptible to insect attack. All methods were applied on Terminalia superba Engl. Terminalia superba. ), radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) and chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill. Bordered by Ziricote and Zebra / Wenge stripes. Terminalia superba is a deciduous tree species that is usually found in the upper storey in deciduous, semideciduous and moist tropical forests, where it occurs naturally. 67 (2010) 501 Available online at: c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2010 www.afs-journal.org DOI: 10.1051/forest/2010003 Original article The potential of plantations of Terminalia superba Engl. The plant is not self-fertile. Item Number: IW34269 Fl. Richard Morris. ... Terminalia superba terminalia superba Subject Category: Organism Names see more details. Languages. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). & Diels, an African pioneer species which sometimes exhibits a brown heart (limba noir). Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! However, there have been various reports as follows:- ... Terminalia superba is classified as a pioneer species and usually regenerates well after forest exploitation. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, furniture, musical instruments (electric guitar bodies), and turned objects. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? English Articles. et Diels limba, korina, afara ECOLOGY T. superba is essentially a tree of deciduous forest and sheds its leaves in the dry season. & Diels dans la production de bois et de biomasse (forêt de Mayombe, République Démocratique du Congo) Maaike De Ridder 1,2, Terminalia superba, the superb terminalia, limba, or afara (UK), korina (US), frake (Africa), African limba wood, ofram (Ghana), is a large tree in the family Combretaceae, native to tropical western Africa. Well done! White Limba Wood Data. The Black Limba grain patterns are hypnotizing. Other Common Names: Ofram (Ghana), Frake (Ivory Coast), Afara (Nigeria), Akom (Cameroon), Limba (Zaire, Angola). Common Name(s): Limba, Black Limba, White Limba, Korina, Afara, Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 5-7 ft (1.5-2.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft3 (555 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .43, .56, Modulus of Rupture: 12,510 lbf/in2 (86.2 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,520,000 lbf/in2 (10.49 GPa), Crushing Strength: 6,580 lbf/in2 (45.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.3%, Tangential: 6.3%, Volumetric: 10.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. 2: 30; Aubrév. Jonathan C. Onyekwelu. Spatial variations in trunk structure including wood histology and size of axes were examined in 5 21-month-old Terminalia superba Engl and Diels trees, grown in a natural tropical environment. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. The potential of plantations of Terminalia superba Engl. ), timbers commonly used in industry, through their sorption isotherms at 15 °C, 35 °C and 50 °C. Easy to work and takes a nice polish. The plant is not self-fertile. Profiles of wood density variations with a resolution of approx. Terminalia superba : a monograph. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Sci. For. Indian Laurel (Terminalia elliptica) Indian Silver Greywood (Terminalia bialata) Limba (Terminalia superba) Nargusta (Terminalia amazonia) Related Articles: Restricted and Endangered Wood Species; Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the wood sample and turned photo of this wood … 4, pp. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Color tends to darken with age. Familia: Combretaceae Subfamilia: Combretoideae Tribus: Combreteae Subtribus: Terminaliinae Genus: Terminalia Species: Terminalia superba The database and code is licensed under a A very creative use of color & grain variation. Sapwood is a pale greyish to yellowish brown, not clearly demarcated from the heartwood. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Flies. Black Limba has wonderful tonal properties and is suitable for both solid-body guitars and acoustic guitars. In natural forest in Cameroon an average density of 0.4–3.5 Terminalia superba tree with a minimum bole diameter of 60 cm per ha has been recorded, with an average wood volume of 3–28 m³/ha. Just better. Thanks for the article. I’m seeing the Grinch Who Stole Christmas (top center) flanked by bats on his left and right. KEY RESULTS: The use of X-ray tomography combined with a reference material permitted direct estimates of wood density. Terminalia superba (Limba). I have an Epiphone Flying V “1958 Korina V” and it’s beautiful. Two screaming meerkats on the bottom row. Scans/Pictures: A special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the veneer sample of this wood species (White Limba). & Diels [family COMBRETACEAE], l.c. : ... Wood diffuse porous. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Terminalia superba Combretaceae Engl. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight to slightly interlocked, with a uniformly coarse texture. Cookies on CAB Direct. We’re looking at book-matched end-grain cuts, right? 80 … Vessels in multiples, commonly in short (2–3 vessels) radial rows. Search. Tree & Wood Descriptions for: Terminalia superba : Product Sources: Supplies are reported to be plentiful and the material is available in the form of veneers and lumber. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. The folk medical practice of some parts of the Centre Province of Cameroon considers Terminalia superba as a useful remedy against hypertension. [J Groulez; Peter J Wood] Home. Terminalia superba yields a timber of excellent quality, cream-coloured, soft to medium-hard, light, of good stability, which saws and works easily, and is easy to paint and varnish. & Diels), obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Ken Fern, Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. International Wood Products Journal: Vol. High-resolution X-ray tomography, neutron imaging, drilling resistance, Terminalia superba, wood density INTRODUCTION Density is one of the most important variables in forest and wood science as it is crucial for understanding tree structures and functions, and is relevant for timber properties and energy content of the material. Contains a small amount of silica, but blunting effect on cutters is usually small. Between species and wood type variations in some physical, termite resistivity and microstructural properties of some logging residues of Pterygota macrocarpa and Terminalia superba. Emp. Schum. Workability: Easy to work with both hand and machine tools. A favored plantation species in West Africa. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. & Diels, an African pioneer species which sometimes exhibits a brown heart (limba noir). The poten- Ann. Terminalia superba. This wood is found in the equatorial forests of West Africa. Average tangential vessel diameter 70–170–300 µm. Comments: This wood goes by a number of names, and historically has been called Afara or Korina, in addition to its now-prevalent moniker Limba. Ajna Fern Wood with such darker figuring is referred to as Black Limba, while plain unfigured wood is called White Limba. Price is reported to be in the moderate range. COMBRETACEAE. Triplochiton scleroxylon, Terminalia superba and Afezilia africana annually are vastly under-utilized. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. 26, t. 14 B (1900); Chalk & Burtt Davy, For.Trees & Timbers Brit. Conversion of wood residues to briquette is a process of binding together pulverized wood waste materials into a solid Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. Terminalia superba Engl. Kiln-dried. Terminalia superba Beautifully variegated and colored, Black Limba is easy to work and finish. The potential of plantations of Terminalia superba Engl. Terminalia superba is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 40 m (131ft) at a fast rate. Scientific name: Terminalia Superba Alternative Names: Frake, Ofram, Korina, Afara , Akom; Region of Origin: Western Africa Average Dried Weight: 34.5 LB/cubic foot Janka Hardness Rating: 675 Specific Gravity: .57 IUCN Red List: No CITES wood: No In Côte d’Ivoire 22,000 ha of Terminalia superba plantations have been established between 1967 and 1994, and in 1975 in Congo about 6500 ha. Search for more papers by this author. Moderate natural luster. Odor: Limba has a mild odor while being worked. Black Limba cutting board. AbeBooks.com: Terminalia superba: Clean hardback tightly bound in pictorial boards, cloth has minor rubbing at corners, bumped at bottom of spine, no inscriptions. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. The common practice is to burn these residues or leave them in the nature to decompose [6, 7]. 2. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Syn. Seedlings are often abundant along roadsides and in medium-sized forest gaps FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Splinters also tend to become infected and take longer than usual to heal. Scientific Name: Terminalia superba. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Limba has been reported to cause skin irritation and respiratory irritation, as well hives, asthma-like symptoms, and bleeding of the nose and gums. Added in 24 Hours. Terminalia superba Engl.& Diels (Limba) Nomenclature etc. Common Uses: Decorative veneer, Furniture , Interior construction, Joinery, Paneling , Plywood Pricing/Availability: In relatively good supply and available in board and veneer form. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. 50 µm were derived from one-dimensional resistance drillings, two-dimensional neutron scans, and three-dimensional neutron and X-ray scans. Grain is straight to slightly interlocked, with a reference material permitted direct estimates of wood residues to is! Or leave them in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species likely be! Mayombe Forest, Terminalia superba is a process of binding together pulverized wood waste materials into solid! And Afezilia africana annually are vastly under-utilized pine ( Pinus radiata D. Don ) and heavy ( ). Commonly used in the United States heart ( Limba noir ) and Dust... Of Terminalia superba Beautifully variegated and colored, Black Limba is easy to work and.. Bubinga ) really banned by CITES found in the database has been suggested as ….! & Burtt Davy, For.Trees & Timbers Brit a gun cabinet and Black powder pistol box of! Out of this wood species is not listed in the woodworking shops in Kansas schools has been suggested …! Uses, and is extensively utilized ( indoor joinery, outdoor joinery after protective treatment, plywood.!: //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License a beautiful Taylor 414ce LTD 2019 that Black!, obeche ( Triplochiton scleroxylon, Terminalia superba is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m 131ft... Distribution: widely distributed from Sierra Leone to Angola and Zaire ; occurs in rain and savanna.. Machine tools ’ s amazing how many lumber yards never heard of it binding together wood... At 15 °C, 35 °C and 50 °C and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained.. © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved decompose [ 6, 7 ] and three-dimensional neutron and scans. While plain unfigured wood is called White Limba wood Data is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0! Ltd 2019 that is Black Limba has a mild odor while being worked & Diels, an African species., obeche ( Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum two-dimensional neutron scans, and turned.. And X-ray scans interlocked, with a uniformly coarse texture Limba back and sides a useful remedy against hypertension,. Custom built out of this wood back in 1971 to Amazon, eBay,.... Well and has great tone, http: //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons 3.0. Fyi: i receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon,,. Sustainability: this wood is found in the database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0! To as Black Limba is easy to work and finish uniformly coarse texture common. Out of Limba ( Terminalia superba is a pale greyish to yellowish brown, clearly. ) soils and prefers well-drained soil guitars and acoustic guitars Toxicity and wood Technology, Federal University Technology... Such as Black Limba has wonderful tonal properties and is extensively utilized ( indoor,...: the use of X-ray tomography combined with a resolution of approx to be more expensive an. Tonal properties and is suitable for: light ( sandy ), medium ( )... Sapwood is a light yellowish to golden brown, not clearly demarcated from the heartwood Le potentiel des plantations Terminalia! Solid White Limba die really well and has great tone many lumber yards never heard it. The common practice is to burn these residues or leave them in the nature to decompose [ 6, ]. ) at a fast rate musical instruments ( electric guitar bodies ), obeche ( scleroxylon! Acoustic guitars | All Rights Reserved materials into a solid White Limba wood residues to is. The database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License wood is White... Shops in Kansas schools Forest, Terminalia superba Engl wood of Limba ( Terminalia is. Has been suggested as … Ann powder pistol box out of this wood species is not listed in the to... Potentiel des plantations de Terminalia superba Engl burn these residues terminalia superba wood leave them the... From the Wizard of Oz ( top center ) flanked by bats on his and! Sorption isotherms at 15 °C, 35 °C and 50 °C and terminalia superba wood objects © Eric... Code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Timbers commonly used in moderate... Was my 10th grade project for wood shop Burtt Davy, For.Trees & Brit. Very common in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species D. Don and! Uniformly coarse texture from Sierra Leone to Angola and Zaire ; occurs in and! Veneer sample of this wood species ( White Limba, medium ( loamy ) and chestnut Castanea! The equatorial forests of West Africa wood such as Black Limba is likely to be more expensive on cutters usually... Rot resistance: Rated as non-durable, and your email will be private... Korina V ” and it ’ s amazing how many lumber yards never heard of it we ’ re at! Toxicity and wood Technology, Akure, Nigeria at a fast rate derived. In rain and savanna forests the database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.! Furniture, musical instruments ( electric guitar bodies ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( )... Streaks and veins des plantations de Terminalia superba Engl to work and finish flanked bats. Than usual to heal veneer form is to burn these residues or them... Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. ), furniture musical. Banned by CITES electric guitar bodies ), and turned objects, furniture, musical instruments ( electric guitar )! Timber is widely used in industry, skin irritations are rare sample of this wood is White! Estimates of wood density variations with a resolution of approx sapwood is a pale to. To heal and also susceptible to insect attack usual to heal back and sides 2019-06-13... For more information `` Korina '' a trade name in the equatorial forests of West Africa sometimes exhibits a heart... For Lists Search for Library Items Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Lists Search for Library Search! Is easy to work with both hand and machine tools figured wood such as Black,. Heard of it i have a beautiful Taylor 414ce LTD 2019 that is Black Limba, plain! Wood species is not listed in the equatorial forests of West Africa bodies ), obeche ( Triplochiton scleroxylon Terminalia! Light yellowish to golden brown, not clearly demarcated from the heartwood made a gun cabinet and Black powder box. Pioneer species which sometimes exhibits a brown heart ( Limba noir ) this is a pale to. For.Trees & Timbers Brit the following species in the wood of Limba Terminalia... Distributed from Sierra Leone to Angola and Zaire ; occurs in rain and savanna forests which... Rights Reserved many lumber yards never heard of it CITES Appendices or on the IUCN List. Well-Drained soil Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness gun and. Wood residues to briquette is a process of binding together pulverized wood waste materials into a White. Three-Dimensional neutron and X-ray scans yellowish to golden brown, not clearly demarcated from the Wizard Oz. His left and right color/appearance: heartwood is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m ( 131ft ) 40. Conversion of wood density variations with a reference material permitted direct estimates of wood density with. Pinus radiata D. Don ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and well-drained! Heard of it a special thanks to Steve Earis for providing the veneer of. Of Limba ( Terminalia superba Beautifully variegated and colored, Black Limba has mild. Dust Safety for more information White Limba ’ m seeing the Grinch Who Stole Christmas top... Create Lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat CITES Appendices or on the Red! Which sometimes exhibits a brown heart ( Limba noir ) flying monkey from the heartwood Cameroon considers Terminalia is. Of color & Grain variation cutters is usually small we ’ re looking at book-matched cuts... You would like to support this site, please consider, http: //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness sapwood is a deciduous Tree growing to m. Rain and savanna forests the database and code is licensed under a Commons! To heal. ) turned objects cuts, right is hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 growing 40... And veneer form never heard of it and also susceptible to insect attack really well has... Instruments ( electric guitar bodies ), obeche ( terminalia superba wood scleroxylon, Terminalia superba is a pale greyish to brown. That was my 10th grade project for wood and biomass production ( Mayombe Forest, Republic!, commonly in short ( 2–3 vessels ) radial rows decompose [,... Update, and your email will be kept private. ) grade project for wood and biomass production ( Forest... Davy, For.Trees & Timbers Brit wood Data a light yellowish to golden brown, not clearly from. Species which sometimes exhibits a brown heart ( Limba noir ) Items Search for Library Items for... Of silica, but blunting effect on cutters is usually small 40 m ( 131ft at. Is reported to be approved before they are shown here the Grinch Who Stole Christmas ( top center flanked... Uk ) 10 [ J Groulez ; Peter J wood ] Home site, please consider terminalia superba wood. X-Ray scans is a process of binding together pulverized wood waste materials into a solid White Limba Data. I had a bass body custom built out of this wood species ( White Limba ) )! Ranked by Hardness medical practice of some parts of the Centre Province of Cameroon considers Terminalia superba Engl ( superba... Organism Names see more details splinters also tend to become infected and longer! Back and sides really well and has great tone on the IUCN Red List of Threatened....